Complications (accompanying diseases) that a dialysis patient suffers:

  • Water electrolyte imbalance
  • Disturbance of the acid-base balance
  • Cardiovascular diseases (calcification of the heart valves, cause: hypercalcemia hyperphosphataemia)
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Calcifications of the vessels
  • Calcifying uremic arteriolopathy
  • Fibrosis of the vascular intima
  • Thrombosis of the skin and. Subcutaneous tissue
  • Ischemic necrosis
  • Apoplexie, stroke
  • Renal osteopathy
  • Amyloidosis
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Bone changes
  • Pseudogout (chondrocalcinosis)
  • Gastrointestinal complications (nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, heartburn)
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding (impaired clotting)
  • Malnutrition
  • Bleeding in cysts
  • Retroperitoneal hematomas after cyst rupture (in patients with cyst kidneys)
  • Intestinal infarction
  • State of immunosuppression (infections are the second leading cause of death in kidney failure)
  • Distally pronounced sensorimotor neuropathy
  • Polyneuropathy
  • RLS (RestlessLegSyndrom)
  • Uremic encephalopathy
  • Limitations in cognitive performance
  • Skin changes (fading and darkening of the skin)
  • Dry skin
  • Itching and scratching (pruritus)
  • Staining of teeth
  • Nephrogenic symmetrical fibrosis
  • Calciphylaxis
  • Disruption of the functioning of the sexual organs

Source: Fachpflege Nephrologie und Dialyse (Gerd Breuch, Eckhard Müller)